YellowStone National Park in New York is famous for geysers and hot springs. About half the world's geysers are available in the park. Tourists visit the acid pools all through the year and the colour of acid pools changes according to seasons. In January month, the temperature of the park is around 9 deg. Celsius only while in July month, it can cross 80 deg. Celsius. At maximum, 99 deg. Celsius has been attained.
According to a recent research paper published in a nature research journal, a new lineage of organisms have been found out by scientists and named it as "Marsarchaeota". It is named so because the surface of Mars has the same type of minerals. The microbes seem to have survived in the extreme conditions of hot springs of Yellowstone Park and the park environment is believed to be in coherent to the early stage of our planet, Earth.
Scientists discovered two groups of Marsarchaosta, one surviving at temperatures about 122 deg Faherenheit (50 deg. C) and the other at a temperature between 140 to 176 deg. Fahrenheit (60 and 80 deg. C). Marsarchaeota microbes would be helpful in getting deeper into the long-standing research on the origin of life on Earth. Also, some outcomes can be expected on the ongoing study of the role of iron oxide and evolution of archaea, single-cell organisms on Earth.